Patent Registration

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Patent Registration

After the process of patent registration, one gets intellectual property right to an invention carried out by an individual or a firm. In case it is unique, the government will grant you the full right for your product. It grants you the full right of making, using, selling or importing the product or process and prohibits others from doing so. The patents in India are governed by the Patent Act 1970 and Patent Rules 1972.

The lifetime of a patent is 20 years. This period is limited is most cases, but it could only be extended by the act of congress and in rare cases it could be extended for a few years.

The patent could be for many things, be it process, art, method to manufacture, particular apparatus, machine, computer software, technical application, chemicals or drugs. We, at LegalRaasta act as patent agent and helps companies register themselves in Delhi NCR, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai and all other Indian cities.

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Types of patent applications in India
  • Ordinary application: This type of application is carried out when there are not any application or reference to any other application under process in the Indian Patent office. The priority date and filing date are the same for ordinary application.
  • Conventional application: If an inventor has already filed a patent in other country and now wishes to do the same, then this comes under conventional application. It is mandatory to file the application for Indian patent within 12 months of first filing it.
  • PCT International application: PCT International application lets you to file the patent application in multiple countries and you can file it in up to 142 countries. It could take between 30-31 months from the international filing date to enter and claim protection in each country.
  • PCT National phase application: You can file this application within 31 months from the international filing date.


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Detailed Procedure
Patentability/Novelty search

Before, we jump onto how to complete patent registration process, you should know whether a patent will be available for it or not. For this, you must go to This a required step, in case you haven’t done so.

Drafting of Patent Application

  • After the patentability search, the innovator should prepare an application in Form 1.
  • Then, you need to attach patent specification with each application. This is done in Form 2, where complete or provisional specification is mentioned depending upon the state of invention. If it is provisional specification, then a period of 12 months is provided for one to finalize the invention and file the complete application.
  • Finally, you need to submit in your patent draft. On the basis of this draft, the patent office will decide whether the patent could be granted or not.
Filing the patent application

Step 1: For application for grant of patent use form 1.

Step 2: For provisional/complete specification use form 2.

Step 3: For statement and undertaking under section 8 (used when patent application is already filed in country other than India), use form 3.

Step 4: For declaration as to inventorship, use form 5

Step 5: For start-ups and small entities, use form 28.

Patent filing
  • Ideation: At this step, the inventor is required to pen down the idea or concept and properly mention the key details about the invention that needs to be patented.
  • Visualization: Create a visual description of your idea in the form of diagrams that explain more about the invention.
Publication of patent application

The application filed with the patent office will be published in the official patent journal. This is done after 18 months of filing of the patent. The inventor can use form 9 for early publication. In case, there is some restriction placed by the Indian Patent Act with regards to the publishing of the patent, it will not be published in the journal.


Examination process is done before the patent is granted and the application for examination has to be made in form 18. This process should not be delayed, as it is first come first serve basis. After this application is filled, it is passed on to the patent officer who checks every condition according to the patent rules and regulation.

If there are any issues that needs to be addressed then, it will be communicated.

Issuance of Examination report

After the thorough search is conducted, then First Examination Report (FER) is filed in this case.

Grant of Patent

After the Patent Officer acknowledges the completion of objections raised, then the patent is granted.

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Documents needed to get patent registration in India

The following documents are required to get your patent registered:

  • Patent application in form-1
  • Proof of right to file the application of patent. This proof could either be attached at the end of application or along with it.
  • If complete specifications is not available, then provisional specifications.
  • In the case of provisional specifications, then complete specification in form-2 within 12 months.
  • Statement and undertaking under section-8 in form-3 (if applicable).
  • If patent application is filed by patent agent, then power of authority in form-26.
  • If the application is for biological material, then the applicant is required to get permission from the National Biodiversity Authority, before the grant of the patent.
  • The source of geographical origin should also be included in the case of biological material used in the innovation.
  • All the applications must bear the signature of the applicant/authorized person/Patent attorney.
  • The last page of the complete/provisional specification must be signed by the applicant/agent. Including the sign at the right bottom corner of the drawing sheets.

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Rules of Patent Registration
  • The first schedule of the Patent Act, describes the fee payable.
  • 10% additional fee is charged in case of documents are filed physically.
  • The inventor can pay the fee using electronic means, in case, demand draft or banker’s cheque.
  • The fee would be paid to the Controller of Patents.
  • If the application is transferred from a natural person to a person other than a natural person (entity/institution), then the balance amount will be paid by the new applicant.
  • The same is with the case of start-ups. That is, if the application is transferred from a natural person to a person other than a natural person, then the difference amount will be paid by a person to whom the application is transferred.
  • The fee once paid, will not be refunded. Unless, some excess amount is paid to the Controller of the Patents.
  • The fee can be paid in advance of the application process.
  • Some amount of fee can be refunded, if the application is withdrawn before the first statement of objection is issued. The amount specified is mentioned in the First Schedule of the Act.

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